In Exodus 20 God gave the Israelites the 10 commandments. They now agree to do all that God asks of them.
1. What did the people say firstly when Moses told them God's words and ordinances and again when he read the book of the covenant to them?
v 3 ... “All the words which the LORD has spoken will we do.”
v 7 ... “We will do all that the LORD has said, and be obedient.”
2. Why did Moses sprinkle blood on the people?
v 8 Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Look, this is the blood of the covenant, which the LORD has made with you concerning all these words.”
3. Why did God give Moses the stone tablets with the law and the commands?
v 12 ... I will give you the stone tablets with the law and the commands that I have written, that you may teach them.
- v 1 and 2 God invites Aaron, Nadab, Abihu and 70 elders to come up the mountain and worship from a distance. Only Moses is invited to come near the LORD
- v 3 Moses tells the people the LORD's words and ordinances which they say they will keep
- v 4 to 7 Moses writes God’s words. He builds an altar on which burnt and peace offerings are made. He sprinkles half the blood from the offerings on the altar. He then reads the book of the covenant to the people which the people say they will obey
- v 8 Moses sprinkles the rest of the blood on the people to confirm the covenant they have made.
- v 9 to 11 Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu and 70 elders see a vision of God and eat and drink
- v 12 to 14 God invites Moses to come up the mountain to receive the stone tablets containing the law. Moses appoints Aaron and Hur to deal with disputes
v 15 to 18 Moses goes up the mountain which is covered by God's glory. After six days God speaks to Moses who stays on the mountain for forty days and nights