Paul considers the position of his own people, Israel in God’s sight.
“I will call them ‘my people,’ which were not my people;
and her ‘beloved,’ who was not beloved.”
there they will be called ‘children of the living God.’ ”
“If the number of the children of Israel are as the sand of the sea,
it is the remnant who will be saved;
because the LORD will make a short work upon the earth.”
“Unless the Lord of Armies had left us a seed,
we would have become like Sodom,
and would have been made like Gomorrah.”
“Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and a rock of offence;
and no one who believes in him will be disappointed.”
1. Why did God raise up Pharoah?
v 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I caused you to be raised up, that I might show in you my power, and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”
2. What do we learn from Paul's analogy of the potter and the clay?
v 21 Or hasn’t the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honour, and another for dishonour
3. How does Paul say that the Gentiles become righteous (right with God) and why did the Jews fail to be righteous?
v 30 to 32 ... That the Gentiles, ... attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith; but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, didn’t arrive at the law of righteousness. Why? Because they didn’t seek it by faith, but as it were by works of the law. ...
- v 1 to 5 Paul laments that his fellow Jews are not responding to Christ, despite being the nation chosen by God through whom Christ came
- v 6 to 13 The chosen line of heirs to the promises goes from Abraham through Isaac and Jacob
- v 14 to 18 God is always right when He chooses whom he will be merciful to. He chooses people for his purpose so that his name can be proclaimed
- v 19 to 29 God as creator, decides what he will do with people. God is patient with those who are only fit for destruction and is merciful to those who will show his glory. God now selects from both Jews and Gentiles (non-Jews) those he calls his children
- v 30 to 33 Gentiles (non-Jews) who have faith in God’s promises can be saved, but the Jews’ desire to try to earn righteousness by their own efforts failed